Apprenticeship Training Scheme

In India, the system of formal Apprenticeship was introduced in the Apprentices Act 1961, which requires employers in notified Industry to engage apprentices in 2.5% to 10% of the total strength of the workers including contract workers.

To regulate the programme of training of Apprentices in the Industries so as to confirm to the prescribed syllabi / approved programme, period of training etc. as laid down by the Central Apprenticeship Council.

To utilize the facilities available in the Industry for imparting practical training with a view to meet the requirement of the skilled workers/supervisors in the Industries.

The Apprentices Act makes it obligatory on the part of Employers both in Public and Private sector Industries to engage trade apprentices according the ratio of apprentices to workers other than unskilled workers in designated trades prescribed under the Rules. In order to locate facilities for apprenticeship training, the training places are located on the basis of findings of surveys conducted in the Industrial Establishments. The duration of training for trade apprentices varies from 6 months to 4 years depending upon the requirements of the specified trade. The syllabi for different trades are prepared and finalized by the respective Trade Committee comprising trade experts from Industry. The engagement of apprentices is done throughout the year. At the end of the apprenticeship training period the trainees are trade-tested by the National Council for Vocational Training. Successful candidates are awarded National Apprenticeship Certificates.

Apprenticeship Training is given to ITI passed trainees and Fresher in Industrial Establishments. While the I.T.Is produce semi-skilled workers. Apprenticeship Training moulds them as skilled workers. The apprentices gained practical training in shop floor in Industrial Establishment and Theoretical knowledge in the Related Instruction Centre during Apprenticeship Training up to the period of March 2007. As per DGET’s instructions letter No.DGET-16(2)/2006-AP, dated 22.03.2007, related instructions classes were abolished for trainees from April 2007.

During Apprenticeship Training, the apprentices are given stipend as follows by the Establishments: The DGE&T have communicated the revised stipend rates.(G.S..R. 662 (E) dated 22.09.2014)

a) During the first year of training 70% of minimum wagesof semi-skilled workers notified by the respective state/UT
b) During the second year of training 80% of minimum wagesof semi-skilled workers notified by the respective state/UT
c) During the third year of training 90% of minimum wagesof semi-skilled workers notified by the respective state/UT
d) During the fourth year of training 90% of minimum wagesof semi-skilled workers notified by the respective state/UT

Apprenticeship Training is implemented in 104 designated trades out of 259 trades.
Apprenticeship Training Scheme is implemented in 11 Related Instruction Centres and 3 Govt. I.T.Is in Tamil Nadu as follows:

1. Guindy RIC 8. Cuddalore RIC
2. Ambathur RIC 9. Trichy RIC
3. North Chennai RIC 10. Madurai RIC
4. Vellore RIC 11.Tirunelveli RIC
5. Salem RIC 12. Thanjavur ITI
6. Coimbatore RIC 13. Metturdam ITI
7. Hosur RIC 14. Dharapuram ITI

Apprenticeship Training, in the case of Fresher starts with Basic Training which is to be imparted by the employers himself in a separate building or in a section of the Workshop in the Establishment, if the employers employees 500 or more workers in his establishment. He shall also equip his basic training centre with necessary infrastructure such as machinery, tools and other equipments as prescribed in the syllabus of the designated trades. In Tamil Nadu, some of the Private establishments have been given permission to run their own Basic Training Centre.

All India Trade Test under Apprenticeship Training Scheme is conducted during April/May and October/November every year. After completion of prescribed training period and successful apprentices are issued with National Apprenticeship certificate.